Scientific Name -
- Central South America
Size: Approximately 12 inches in length.
Distinct Markings: Overall green with black edging on back
of neck. Cheeks and front of crown yellow, ear coverts green,
violet to blue above eye. Wings green, tipped with blue,
orange patch on secondaries. Tail green tipped with yellow,
underside green, red and yellow. Eye ring pale grey, beak
is bone and black, feet are grey.
are short heavy bodied, stocky birds. Most species are predominately
green with red, yellow, blue, white or orange markings.
Amazons are well known for their ability to mimic and also
to use the words and phrases they have learned appropriately.
are very intelligent and lively, sometimes hyperactive birds.
Young hand-raised amazons adapt readily to their new surroundings
are can usually be handled by anyone. Mature amazons tend
to form strong bonds to a single person, often adopting
that person as their "mate" and showing aggressive behavior
are playful and love to chew. They enjoy time spent with
their owners and quickly learn to talk. They should always
be provided with toys, especially wooden blocks which can
be chewed, and branches from non-toxic trees. In order to
ensure safety companion amazons should not be allowed unsupervised
freedom in the home as they often encounter toxins or dangerous
items. Young amazons should be socialized to many people
and exposed to a variety of situations such as new cages,
toys, visits to the veterinarian, handling by friends and
wing and nail clippings to avoid fear of novel situations.
bathing or showering is vital to maintaining good plumage
and skin condition. Birds can be misted and allowed to dry
in a warm room or in the sun, or dried with a blow drier.
Care should be taken not to clip the wing feathers excessively
as amazons may fall and injure themselves. Clip only enough
so the bird will glide to the floor.
companion and breeding birds should be individually identified
to assist in recovery if lost and assist in maintenance
of medical and genealogical records. Many breeders apply
closed leg bands when chicks are young. While they present
a slight risk of entrapment closed bands are preferable
to no identification, especially for breeding birds. Microchips
which can be implanted into the muscle or under the skin
are a reliable means of identification but require electronic
readers to verify identification. Tattoos may be used but
often fade or become illegible with time. Foot prints may
have some application in identification.
are active birds and should be allowed as much space as
possible. The cage should have at least perches that the
bird can move between. Appropriate, safe toys should be
Span: 20-60 years.
Age at maturity: 2-5
Amazons should be fed a formulated (pelleted or extruded
diet) as a basis for good nutrition. The diet should be
supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables daily to add
variety and psychological enrichment. Treats may be given
in small amounts especially as rewards for good behavior.
to a tendency to become obese in captivity, amazons should
be fed restricted calorie diets (low fat). During the non-breeding
season Fresh clean water must be provided every day. Vitamin
supplements are not needed for birds which are eating a
formulated diet. Pretty Bird manufactures special low fat
diets which are appropriate for most amazons. For Conversion
see our brochure on; Converting your seed eating bird to
a formulated diet.
Amazons are often difficult to breed in captivity and wild
birds may take several years of adaptation to captivity
before they begin to breed.
amazons breed in the spring and typically produce a single
clutch of 2 to 5 eggs. If the first clutch is removed from
the nest they will often lay a second clutch. While some
pairs will breed at other time of the year, the breeding
season for amazons is typically very limited.
Nest Box - Most amazons breed well in a vertical boxes,
the size being dependent upon species but typically 18"
x 18" x 24 -30". Due to a tendency for obesity in captivity
Amazons should be allowed space to fly. Mate aggression
is a problem with some species.
species show no obvious sexual dimorphism (visual difference
between the species) therefore endoscopic examination or
laboratory sexing techniques are needed for accurate sex
determination. Males tend to be larger with larger heads
Common Diseases And Disorders -
Upper respiratory diseases
Vitamin A deficiency
Feather discoloration (possibly associated with fungal growth)
Bacterial, viral and fungal infections
Toe constrictions or malformations
Ingestion of metals or other toxins.
common health problems of amazons can be prevented by a
good diet, nutrition and routine health care. Routine veterinary
examination (annually) can help you to keep your pet in
excellent health and enhance your relationship with your
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